History of Waltham Forest

History of Waltham Forest

The London borough of Waltham Forest is a borough located in east London. The borough is situated Essex in the north and, Redbridge in the east, Newham and Hackney in the south and Enfield in the west. The borough is split in two parts the north and the south by the North Circular road. The two sides have independently developed in contrast to socioeconomic factors and ethnicity.


At the earliest discernable history of Waltham forest, due to the numerous amounts of ancient Rome artifacts that have been found around the borough and the Iron Age remains it can be safely considered that the location was a significant area of Roman occupation.

Areas from the former Municipal Borough of Chingford, Municipal Borough of Walthamstow and Municipal Borough of Leyton were combined to form the borough in 1965, according to the London government act 1963.

Why Waltham Forest

During the naming process a petition was filed against calling the borough Walthamstow, so the place was named after former Waltham Forest, which was an organization specializing in the agriculture and deer maintenance of the areas that stretched eastwards from the river Lea. These areas later came to be known as Epping Forest.

The Epping Forest act of 1878 preserved more than 90% of this land and facilitated the developments of the towns of Chingford, Walthamstow, Leyton stone and Forest gate. This played a major role in large scare urban development around the areas.

World War 1

The land now known as the Waltham Forest has previously undergone two instances of Zeppelin raids during the WW1. One occurred in august 1915 and the other was on September 1916 when the German navy airship dropped close to ten bombs.

Arts and Culture

Under the stewardship of William Morris, Waltham Forest is popularly known as the seat of Arts and Crafts movement which has under then an impressive segment of contemporary artists and art groups. The Polish have also played an important role in the evolution of the Waltham estate, they have been immigrating there from when the boroughs today still consisted of manors and houses. They are the second largest immigration people to Waltham estate.

Waltham borough was one of the hosts in the 2012 Olympics. Three institutes of further education have been set up, namely Waltham Forest College, Sir George Monoux College, and Leyton Sixth Form College which was the second sixth form college in Southern England.


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